About Us

Guided Hikes

World Around Us

Other Native Cultures

Related Sites

Echota Cherokee Tribe



1900 to present

      Many of the Indian boarding schools, started by Captain Richard Pratt, closed in the 1930s; however, some continued into the 1960s with the idea of 'civilizing' Indians.  Even with the boarding schools continued existence several important laws came into effect that protected tribal rights. 

In 1924 Native Americans were granted citizenship by the 1924 Indian Citizenship Act.  It made all Native Americans within the territorial limits of the US to be made citizens, without affecting any rights involving property. 

The civil rights movement also led to improvements within Native American life.  In 1978 the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA) and the American Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) were passed by congress.  AIRFA made it legal for Native Americans "to believe, express, and exercise the traditional religions of the American Indian, including but not limited to access to sites, use and possession of sacred
objects, and the freedom to worship through ceremonials and traditional rites."  Ceremonies and cultural gatherings, such as pow wows, were able to be done openly instead of passed down in secret.  ICWA made the practice of removing
Native American children from their tribe and family and placing them in a non-Indian family or school.  This act formally ended the boarding school philosophy of 'civilizing' Native Americans. 

In 1994 the BIA created the Tribal List Act of 1994.  This act declares who is a federally recognized tribe.  The US government uses this list to determine who is eligible for federal aid, support, and services.  State recognized, while recognized as tribes by state governments, are not acknowledged by the BIA.  This continues to cause problems in many areas of tribal law and relationships, such as cases involving religious freedom.


More about us

Our History

Our Mission

Our Veterans

Cherokee Language

Echota Cherokee Tribe Official Site



Before 1800         1800 to 1900         1900 to present      

Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama history        Deer Clan West history     

History references


| terms and conditions | contact us |